Rewritten from dealer description:
Dr. John Hanson Thomas was born in 1813, the son of John Hanson Thomas of Frederick, Maryland and Mary Isham Colston of Berkeley County, Virginia. Dr. John Hanson Thomas was the grandson of John Hanson (1715-1783) a Maryland native who was born in Charles County and spent most of his life in Frederick County. This John Hanson is best known as the so-called first president of the United States original government as laid out under the Articles of Confederation called the "President of the United States in Congress Assembled."
Dr. Thomas was born in Frederick, Maryland, and raised in Virginia. He came to Baltimore about 1834 and commenced to study medicine. He was appointed one of the resident students of the Baltimore Infirmary, and was graduated in March of 1836 and practiced medicine a short time. He soon became involved in politics and banking. He was a noted bank president in Baltimore (Merchant's Bank) and a member of the City Council, and later a member of the Maryland legislature during the Civil War from 1861 to 1865.
He was arrested with ten others at the beginning of the Civil War and imprisoned for six months at various Federal forts because he voted for secession. After his arrest on September 12, 1861, he was initially confined at Fort Monroe, then transferred to Fort Lafayette on September 26, and on October 30, 1861 sent to Fort Warren. Friends and associates lobbied for his release, including the cashier of the Farmer's Bank, who stated that "his absence has caused some inconvenience in the administration of the business of the bank." On January 9, 1862, U.S. Secretary of State Seward authorized Major General John Adams Dix to release Thomas, "granting or withholding it with such conditions or limitations as you may deem proper," that is, allowing Dix to set the parole terms, if any. But Thomas would not cooperate, declined a parole, and thus guaranteed his continued incarceration. Nevertheless, on February 20 1862, Dix still recommended his release, again, subject to parole. Sometime around February 21, Thomas apparently gave his parole and was released. General Dix is the officer who arrested the Maryland legislature.
Postwar, Thomas was director of several insurance companies and the first president of the Baltimore Academy of Music Company. He died in 1881. Dr. Thomas married Annie Campbell Gordon of Falmouth, VA, daughter of Basil and Anna Campbell Gordon. They had at least six children: Basil Gordon Thomas; John Hanson Thomas who married Mary Howard Beirne, daughter of Hon George P. Beirne, of Huntsville, Alabama; Nannie Gordon Thomas; Mary Randolph Thomas; John Marshall Thomas; and Douglas Hamilton Thomas who was President of Merchant's Bank in Baltimore for thirty five years and was a well-known Baltimore socialite.