Paul Myron Wentworth Linebarger, a lawyer and author, was born in 1871. He was an associate and advisor to Sun Yat-sen, 1907-1925, and legal advisor to the National Government of China, 1930-1937. He served as a circuit judge in the Philippines, 1901-1907, but resigned his position to actively support the political movement of Sun Yat-sen. He became an organizer in Mexico for Dr. Sun's secret society, Teng Meng Hui, which overthrew the Manchu Dynasty. In 1913, Linebarger wrote Our Chinese Chances which was circulated by Dr. Sun's political party, the Kuomingtang. In 1917, Linebarger became editor-in-chief of a monthly magazine, The Chinese Nationalist.
In 1919, Dr. Sun consented to personal interviews which formed the basis for Linebarger's book, Sun Yat-sen and the Chinese Republic (1925). Linebarger returned to America after Dr. Sun's death in 1925 and worked as a translator for the Immigration Department and a lawyer with the Naturalization department. He was offered a post with the National Government of China by their representative, Koo Yin-fan. He returned to Nanking in 1930 in the official position of legal advisor to the National Government. His responsibilities included answering inquiries on Concessions, contracts, and franchises. Linebarger's son, Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger, worked as secretary to his father.
Linebarger left China in 1937 and began an international lecture tour in the interests of peace. He returned to Washington D.C. and began writing his recollections of China. He died in 1939.