Douglas Southall Freeman papers
- Majority of material found within 1904 - 1908
- Freeman, Douglas Southall, 1886-1953 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for use.
Conditions Governing Use
1.18 Cubic Feet (2 full-sized and 1 half-sized legal document boxes)
He was born at Lynchburg, Virginia on May 16, 1886, the son of Bettie Allen and Walker Burford Freeman. He graduated from the University of Richmond in 1904, after which he went to Johns Hopkins University to earn his Ph.D. in History in 1908. A year later he entered the newspaper field as editorial writer for the Richmond Times-Dispatch. In 1910 he took a post on the State Tax Commission where he served two years, returning to the Times-Dispatch in 1913. In 1915 he switched to the afternoon daily News Leader as Editor. in 1925 he became one of the first radio news commentators. He edited the News Leader through two World Wars, finally retiring on June 30, 1949.
Freeman's 4-volume biography of Robert E. Lee won him the Pulitzer Prize in 1934. Later he produced a 4- volume edition of "Lee's Lieutenants," becoming a foremost authority on Confederate military history. His knowledge of the Civil War and of other military matters won him an assignment as lecturer at the National War College. At various times he served as guest professor or lecturer at Columbia University, Dartmouth, and the College of William and Mary. In 1945 he served briefly as advisor to John J. McCoy, Assistant Secretary of State. Freeman received honorary degrees from a number of American Universities including Yale, Harvard, Columbia, Princeton, and Dartmouth.
From 1949 on he devoted full time to his biography of George Washington, the most comprehensive biography of Washington ever undertaken. This was to be a massive 8-volume work of which he had completed 5 volumes when he died of a heart attack aged 67 years on June 13, 1953.
Douglas Southall Freeman married in 1914 and had three children.
Scope and Contents
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Part of the Special Collections Repository
The Sheridan Libraries
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA