The Roseanne Klass collection focuses on the media's analysis of the contemporaneous situation in terms of the USSR and USA.
When the Khalq and Parcham parties in Afghanistan became reconciled in the 1970s, it was unclear whether the USSR meddled in these relations. The USSR denied and downplayed its influence in Afghanistan; recognizing Afghanistan as "socialist," and therefore a nation worthy of its protection (1979). Because the Soviets labeled Afghanistan as an undeveloped democracy, they felt justified in invasion.
Resistance groups consisted of seven factions characterized as two general groups: fundamentalists and moderates. Many of the men fighting in Afghanistan (the mujahideen) relocated their families to refugee camps in Pakistan. The USA began providing arms aid in 1982. Several media outlets advocated US medical aid, agricultural advice, food, school supplies, government instruction, and media equipment in order to facilitate a more robust resistance movement.
Other writers in the collection argue that Afghanistan was more strategically and geopolitically important than the US realized. The US disinterest caused Americans to view Afghanistan as "remote... primitive... and, in its [i.e. America's] official view of the world, strategically unimportant..." Since the Soviets had an interest in Persian Gulf oil resources, it is thought that conquering Afghanistan would further their direction.