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José Robles Pazos collection

Identifier: MS-0781

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Scope and Contents

Collection includes two administrative documents from Madrid concerning José Robles Pazo's career at Johns Hopkins University. The collection also includes a letter to Robles from Michael Gold regarding the editing of Gold's 1930 autobiography Jews Without Money. The date ranges from approximately 1920-1930.


  • Creation: approximately 1920-1930


Language of Materials

This collection contains text in both Spanish and English.

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is located at the George Peabody Library and may require scheduling a special appointment to access it. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Conditions Governing Use

Single copies may be made for research purposes. Researchers are responsible for determining any copyright questions. It is not necessary to seek our permission as the owner of the physical work to publish or otherwise use public domain materials that we have made available for use, unless Johns Hopkins University holds the copyright.

Biographical / Historical

José Robles Pazos was born in 1897. He was educated in Madrid at the following institutions and under the following position titles: Bachiller, Instituto de San Isidro, 1914; Licenciado en letras, University of Madrid, 1918; Prof. Spanish Literature, Residencia de Estudiantes; Colaborador, Centro de Estudios Historicos, 1918-20. In 1920 he came to Johns Hopkins University as Instructor in Spanish, becoming Associate Professor in 1922. Early in June of 1936, after the close of classes at the Johns Hopkins University, Robles and his wife and children left for a vacation in Spain. Shortly afterwards the Spanish Civil War broke out. Robles entered the service of the Spanish Government on a temporary basis pending his return to Baltimore. He also worked as an interpreter at the Russian Embassy. In December of 1936 Robles was arrested, and his whereabouts and fate remained unknown. It was not until March 4, 1939 that it was officially announced by the Director of the Spanish Press Bureau in Valencia that Robles had been shot as a traitor by the Spanish Republican Government in February of 1937. Robles' wife and daughter escaped to Mexico late in 1939 where they proposed to settle. Robles' son was captured during a military engagement in the summer of 1938 and interned in a prisoner of war camp in Zaragoza under sentence of death. This sentence was commuted to a long prison term through the efforts of the American Ambassador in Madrid.


.167 Cubic Feet (1 legal size folder)


José Robles Pazos was a Spanish academic and left-wing activist who was born in 1897 and died in 1937. The collection includes administrative records concerning José Robles Pazos' career at Johns Hopkins University, and a letter from Michael Gold. The date ranges from approximately 1920-1930.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Ian Brabner Rare Americana in February 2017 with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Related Materials

The items in this collection were originally purchased as one accession with materials created or owned by both José Robles Pazos and John Dos Passos, the American novelist. The original dealer description for the whole acquisition has been placed in the collection.

For the John Dos Passos manuscript materials, see MS.0780. For additional José Robles Pazos letters, see RG.04.081: Department of Romance Languages letters about José Robles Pazos' arrest.

Guide to the José Robles Pazos collection
Kristen Diehl
2017 April
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Repository

The Sheridan Libraries
Special Collections
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA