Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for use.
Conditions Governing Use
0.24 Cubic Feet (1 legal half-size document box)
When the monarchy was restored in France after the defeat of Napoléon at Waterloo in 1815, Louis XVII was named king. Louis died childless and was succeeded by his brother Charles X (1757- 1836) who reigned from 1824-1830. Charles's second son, Charles- Ferdinand, duc de Berry (1778-1820) married the Neapolitan princess Marie-Caroline de Naples-Sicle (1798-1870) known as the duchesse de Berry. Their young son, Henri, duc de Bordeaux (1820-1883 ) was eventually advanced by the duchesse and other royalists as the rightful heir to the throne of France. The duchesse attempted to start a rebellion in the South and West of France against the regime of Louis-Philippe I (1773-1850) who had ascended the throne after the abdication of Charles X in 1830 and reigned until 1848. The duchesse was eventually expelled from France. After her remarriage to an Italian aristocrat, she was no longer Regent and was not allowed to oversee the education of her son who was known as Henry V by those who favored his claim to the throne of France.
Scope and Contents
The letters deal with the state of the legitimist party, supporter of the ousted Charles X, in the years following the French Revolution of 1830. The first few letters date from the duchesse de Berry's attempt to start a rebellion in the South and West of France against the new regime in 1832. Other letters deal with the aftermath of the unsuccessful attempt, as well as with questions surrounding the education of the young Henri, duc de Bordeaux, son of the duchesse and heir to the throne.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Dr. Velde has written summaries of each of the letters and has transcribed them in French. He has written a detailed analysis of the letters to provide background information regarding the events leading up to and following the Revolution of 1830. Dr. Velde gives too an insight into the personal histories of persons closely involved in political intrigues of the French court. The work is carefully referenced so that other scholars might consult published sources as well as the memoirs and collections related to Clermont-Tonnerre and the duchesse. Dr. Velde's analysis is most helpful and is included with MS.0362.
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