John Work Garrett Papers
- Garrett, John Work, 1872-1942 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish from this collection must be requested in writing from the Evergreen Foundation at: The Evergreen House Foundation, Inc. 4545 North Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21210 410-516-0341
42.88 Cubic Feet (23 record center cartons, 4 letter size document boxes, 5 legal size document boxes, 2 legal half-size document boxes, 1 flat box (15.5 x 12 x 3 inches), 1 flat box (25 x 21 x 3 inches), 3 flat boxes (15.5 x 10.5 x 3 inches), 2 flat boxes (26.5 x 20.25 x 6 inches), 5 pamphlet boxes (17 x 6.5 x 10.5 inches), 2 cardfile boxes (12.5 x 8.5 x 5.25 inches))
Biographical / Historical
John Work Garrett, banker and diplomat, was born in 1872, the descendent of a prominent Baltimore family. His great grandfather, Robert Garrett (1783-1857) had emigrated from Ireland and, after moving to Baltimore in 1820, founded the Robert Garrett & Sons business house. His grandfather, the original John Work Garrett (1820-1884), was President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and played an important role in the financial development of Baltimore. His father, Thomas Harrison Garrett (1850-1888) ran the family business, and was an avid collector of books, coins, prints and Oriental rugs until his death in 1888 at the age of 38.
Throughout his childhood, John Work Garrett lived in Baltimore at either Montibello (his grandfather's country home), or Evergreen, where his family had lived since 1876. Early on, he developed a passion for languages, books, and the arts, and became fascinated by ornithology and natural history. He also enjoyed outdoor activities and athletics.
Following his father's death, his mother, Alice Dickinson Whitridge Garrett, took him and his two brothers, Horatio and Robert, on a tour of Europe and the Near East. They traveled for nearly two years, and it was during this period that John Work Garrett began to develop the deep understanding of different peoples and cultures that was so influential in his later diplomatic career.
Entering Princeton University in 1891, John Work Garrett was active in the Triangle Club, Glee Club and Mandolin Club. He was also a member of the Whig society and managed several sport teams. He graduated in 1895 with a B.S. degree.
Following graduation he was a member of the Princeton Geological Expedition to the Yellowstone Valley in which he served as the expedition=s ornithologist. He spent the next four years traveling primarily in the western United States, while managing a cattle ranch in New Mexico. In addition to the cattle ranch, Garrett and some of his friends from Princeton founded the Hoadley, Turnbull and Company insurance firm in Phoenix, Arizona.
Upon returning to Baltimore, Garrett was a member of the 1899 Johns Hopkins Medical School Mission to the Philippines. Later, he traveled through India, Java and the Far East. Although a member of the Robert Garrett & Sons firm since 1896, John Work Garrett did not play an active role in the family business. He did however run the firm's banking connection until 1934.
In 1901, John Work Garrett received his first appointment in the Diplomatic Service as Secretary to the American Legation at The Hague. This began a 32-year career in the Foreign Service during which John Work Garrett served in numerous important posts and Commissions. The following is a brief synopsis of his career: Secretary, American Legation at the Hague, 1901-1903; Secretary, Netherlands and Luxembourg, 1903-1905; Second Secretary, American Embassy in Berlin, 1905-1908; First Secretary, American Embassy in Rome, 1908-1911; Envoy to Venezuela, December 15,1910 - November 1911; Envoy to Argentina, 1911-1914; Special Agent, Department of State, to assist American Ambassador in Paris, August 6, 1914- August 23, 1917; Special Agent in charge of German and Austro-Hungarian Civilian Prisoners of War, 1914-1917; Representative at Bordeaux, September 3 - December 9, 1914; Envoy to the Netherlands and Luxembourg, August 23, 1917 - August 1919; Chairman, Berne Commission on Prisoners of War, (Treaty signed November 11, 1918); Secretary-General, Conference on Limitation of Armaments, 1921-1922. Garrett returned to Baltimore where he was interested in domestic politics. After an unsuccessful bid for the Republican nomination to the United States Senate in 1922, he retired to private life at Evergreen until President Herbert Hoover selected him to be Ambassador to Italy in 1929.
Following his retirement from the Diplomatic Service in 1933, John Work Garrett returned to Baltimore and his estate at Evergreen. Together with his wife Alice Warder Garrett, whom he had married in 1908, John Work Garrett made Evergreen a center of musical and intellectual gatherings. During this period, Garrett devoted his time to broadening his collections, especially his extensive library.
John Work Garrett died in Baltimore in 1942.
Scope and Contents
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Series 3: Professional Papers was processed in March, 1992, and the items that form Series 1 and 2 were added in September 1997. Additional material was added to Series 1 and 3 in 2009; at that time, Series 4 through 8 were also processed.
The first item in Series 1 (Box 1.1) is a financial record of Hoadley, Turnbull & Co. that was formerly cataloged at Garrett MS 2.
- Civilian relief
- Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Armaments (1932-1934 : Geneva, Switzerland)
- Council on Foreign Relations
- Diplomatic and consular service, American
- Garrett, John Work, 1872-1942
- House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938
- Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948
- International relations
- Marburg, Theodore, 1862-1946
- Nash, Ogden, 1902-1971
- Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918
- Politics and government
- Princeton University
- Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950
- United States
- Universities and colleges--Alumni and alumnae
- Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924
- World War (1939-1945)
Part of the John Work Garrett Library (Evergreen Museum and Library) Repository
4545 N. Charles Street
Baltimore MD 21218 USA