Tudor and Stuart Club records
- circa 1829-1997
- Tudor and Stuart Club (Johns Hopkins University) (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
1.42 Cubic Feet (2 letter size document boxes, 1 letter half-size document box, 1 legal size document box)
Biographical / Historical
Sir William Osler was one of the renowned "Four Doctors" who formed the first staff at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and, later, the first faculty at the Johns Hopkins Medical School. Osler came to the new hospital as Physician-in-Chief in 1889 and became Professor of Medicine at the newly opened medical school in 1893. He left Baltimore in 1905 to become Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford. Osler delivered the Silliman lectures at Yale in 1913. While there, he visited and admired the Yale Elizabethan Club. An endowed literary club, the Yale organization may have sparked Osler's interest in providing such a group for Johns Hopkins. The Tudor and Stuart Club was, however, eventually founded as a university property rather than as a private corporation, as was the case with the Yale group. The Oslers' son, Edward Revere, had been born in Baltimore in 1895. Their only child, he died of battle wounds received in World War I fighting in France in 1917. Like his father, Edward had been an avid book collector. The Oslers' endowment for the Tudor and Stuart Club was therefore named the Edward Revere Osler Fund and was established "as a memorial to our son . . . and in grateful recognition of the happy years we spent in Baltimore."
The endowment provided not only interest bearing securities for the book purchasing and other operations of the Club, it also contributed Edward Revere Osler's personal book collection, about 800 volumes, as the nucleus of the Tudor and Stuart library. Osler's founding letter, in addition to announcing the endowment, suggested criteria for Club membership, proposed a group of original members, and concluded with a promise to contribute special book items to the library. Osler died in December 1919, having had time to make only one such contribution, "The Golden Book of Marcus Aurelius," printed in London in 1559. After some delay, the Edward Revere Osler book collection arrived at Hopkins in late 1922. Librarian M. Llewellyn Raney, realizing that the Club had never been formally organized, wrote to President Goodnow in December 1922 urging a first convening of Club members. Raney suggested that the Club and its library be housed in Gilman Hall. He also noted that the Tudor and Stuart library must be made generally available to the university community, since Osler's original intention was that it be considered a part of the English departmental library.
The organization of the Tudor and Stuart Club was effected January 16, 1923 with a membership drawn from within and outside the University. A few women are counted among the original members as well as faculty from the School of Medicine. It was Osler's belief that an interest in the classics was essential for physicians. Rooms in Gilman Hall were designed and furnished for meetings and for the use of rare books. A portrait of Revere Osler was hung above the mantle. Author's readings, book-talks, and lectures were formally scheduled, but the club was also a place for the more informal gatherings of students, faculty, and others who shared a love of literature. The distinctive collection of rare books also provided a stimulus to research, and the journal, English Literary History (ELH), was begun in 1934 as a project of the Tudor and Stuart Club.
Johns Hopkins librarian and professor of English, John C. French (1875-1957), an original member of the Tudor and Stuart Club and its second president, 1924-1925, included a history of the club in his published volume: A History of The Johns Hopkins University Founded by Johns Hopkins. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1946. (LD 2628 .F87 1946)
Scope and Contents
Some archival items describing the history of the Club were removed from MS.0137: The Johns Hopkins University collection in April 1993.
Items that form folders noted as "vertical file" were found in books that were part of the Tudor and Stuart book collection. They were transferred from the Cage, January 1993, and formed Accession 92-93.24.
In the further processing of this collection, MS.0351 was consolidated into RG.15.100.
- Book collecting
- Book collectors
- English literature--Appreciation
- English literature--Early modern
- Johns Hopkins University
- Minutes (Records)
- Osler, Edward Revere, 1895-1917
- Osler, Grace Revere Gross, Lady (Correspondent)
- Osler, Grace Revere Gross, Lady
- Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919 (Correspondent)
- Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919
- Promoting culture
- Tudor and Stuart Club (Johns Hopkins University)
- Universities and colleges--Societies, etc.
- clippings (information artifacts)
- keepsakes (books)
- letters (correspondence)
- membership lists
- minutes (administrative records)
- photographic prints
Part of the Special Collections Repository
The Sheridan Libraries
3400 N Charles St
Baltimore MD 21218 USA